Dry Eye Syndrome

An eye disorder known as Dry eye is caused when the eyes are not capable of producing sufficient levels of tears. Sometimes, it is also observed that the tears dry up very quickly or just evaporate. This defect occurs due to a blockage found in the oil glands or it could also be a result of the possible abnormality found in the glands.

Lack of required lubrication as well as moisture content for the eye surface region causes this disorder. Sustained irritation is caused due to inflammation caused in the front tissues known as anterior of the eyes. This results in redness of the eyes and also causes the eyes to swell. A constant feeling of irritation can be sensed. In medical terms, this disorder is known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca which means dryness of the eyes.

Causes

There are multiple causes responsible for the disorder of Dry eye. There are several factors ranging from weather to medically diagnosed reasons causing this disorder.

This disorder can be caused specifically under bad weather conditions or sudden change in the weather such as dry and hot climate or an extremely windy weather. Some medicines are associated with a lot of side effects. Dry eye can be a potential result of a side effect caused by intake of certain medication. Changes occurring in the body hormones can cause this disorder to take place. The ageing factor can also be responsible for causing of such disorder. The human eye produces tears through a proper channelized system known as lacrimal functional unit. This unit is responsible for generating tears as and when required to give lubrication to the eyes. There are several parts included in this particular unit. If in case, any of the parts in this unit do not function properly, disorders such as dry eye can be caused. The two possible impacts that can be caused are bifurcated on the basis of the quantity of tears and the quality of tears. Either the tears are not produced in sufficient quantities causing the eyes to dry out or the quality of the tears may become inferior due to certain abnormal proteins present in it thus causing harm to the surface of the eye.

Signs & symptoms

Regular symptoms observed during the occurrence of this disorder are:

A dry sensation in the eyes which tend to grow worse gradually The eyes become all red

Eyelids become sticky. They stick to each other as you wake up

The sensitivity towards light increases

Excruciating pain at severe levels

Unclear vision or blurring of vision gradually

Scarring of cornea can also be a sign of severe dry eye syndrome and hence the doctor needs to be consulted immediately.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of this disorder is done by the doctor by examining your eyes and checking your medical history. An appointment with the optometrist may be suggested by your GP for detailed examination.

Treatment

Although there is no specific cure for this disorder, but the symptoms can be stopped or controlled through suggested treatment. Doctors usually recommend lubricant treatments, preservative free drops, eye ointments, etc.

Prevention

There are many tips to avoid this disorder from occurring such as:

Using a heater during extreme winters

Avoid extreme usage of air conditioning or passive smoke Avoid exposure to direct wind

Do not use contact lenses consistently

Relaxation for your eyes at regular intervals.